The DPRK takes proactive state measures to fix and conserve various reserves.
The typical forms of such reserves in the country are nature reserve, nature park, natural monument reserve, species and habitat reserve, scenic beauty reserve and natural resources reserve.
Such reserves in different parts of the country boast various ecosystems and spectacular scenery. Among them are nature reserves including Ogasan and Rangnimsan nature reserves, nature parks including the Lake Suphung Nature Park, natural monument reserves including the West Sea Barrage Winter Bird Habitat, plant reserves including the Suyangsan Plant Reserve, wildlife reserves including the Suryongsan Wildlife Reserve, migratory bird reserves including Mundok and Sindo migratory bird reserves, migratory bird breeding reserves including the Rason Al Islet Sea Bird Reserve, scenic beauty reserves including Mt Ryongak and Lake Yonphung, and natural resources reserves including the Yangdok Songi Mushroom Resources Reserve and salmon reserve.
Biosphere reserves of Mts Paektu, Kuwol, Myohyang, Chilbo and Kumgang have been registered in the world biosphere reserve network of UNESCO MAB, Mundok and Rason migratory bird reserves put on the Ramsar List (list of wetlands of international importance, and Mundok and Kumya migratory bird reserves registered as one of EAAF Network Sites.
In recent years, the general survey and estimation of the reserves are under way jointly by ministries, national agencies and scientific research institutes including the Ministry of Land and Environment Protection, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Fisheries and State Academy of Sciences.
This year, the Biodiversity Institute under the State Academy of Sciences conducted surveys of biosphere reserves, including Mt Kumgang Biosphere Reserve and Mt Kuwol Biosphere Reserve, and over 20 migratory bird reserves, including Kwangpho Migratory Bird Reserve.
On the basis of this, it has newly confirmed the objects of protection, and is intensifying the research for rationally planning reserve boundaries and functional areas.