Guerrilla Tactics and Victory in Anti-Japanese War

During the anti-Japanese armed struggle, Commander Kim Il Sung of the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army achieved brilliant victories in battles by creating outstanding military strategies and tactics.

The young KPRA applied an ambush in its first battle at Xiaoyingziling (May 20, 1932), in which it destroyed the enemy at a blow by relying on favourable topographical conditions.

Kim Il Sung organized and led the battle to defend the Xiaowangqing guerrilla zone, dealing heavy blows to the Japanese aggressors. In the battle the guerrillas applied the tactics of switching from an all-out defensive to a war of attrition, based on flexible manoeuvres with the main stress on allurement and camouflage and positive defence actions, and of harassing the enemy’s rear.

The tactics of allurement and ambush in Laoheishan clearly proved that it was one of efficient fighting forms suited to the character of guerrilla warfare and left an indelible trace in the anti-Japanese war history.

Kim Il Sung led the battle of the Dongning county town to victory by employing a surprise attack, demoralization of enemy soldiers and preemptive strike to the vital points of the enemy. His outstanding military tactics enabled the KPRA to defeat large troops of the enemy with a small force by dint of the strategic and tactical upper hand.

The battle of Pochonbo met the requirements of guerrilla warfare. The selection of the objective, the timing, the combination of powerful motivation activities, etc.—all the processes of the operations were perfectly coordinated.

The battle was widely reported in those days in the newspapers, media and broadcasts of many countries in the world, including China, Japan and the Soviet Union.

A publication in one country made much of the battle as a historic event which should be noteworthy in the national liberation movements of colonies in the East.

Kim Il Sung, in the Donggang Meeting held in May 1936, put forward a policy of building a new secret base in the area of Mt Paektu and, based on it, employing the tactics of appearing from nowhere so as to put the enemy in the passive.

The KPRA applied the Juche-oriented war tactics of “appearing and disappearing with preternatural swiftness” and “rising into the sky and dipping into the ground” in several battles, thus completely foiling the “punitive” operations of the enemy and winning one victory after another.

Among the warfare created in this period were a tactic of marching one thousand miles at a run and a circling tactic, the efficiency of which was fully demonstrated in the guerrilla activities.

After the battle of Xiaotanghe (March 1937), the KPRA employed the first tactic to break through the siege of the enemy and made a night march along the main road. And during the operation of advance into the Musan area it dumbfounded the enemy by marching in broad daylight along the Kapsan-Musan guard road which had been built by the enemy.

During the large-unit circling operations, they destroyed and weakened the enemy by employing the tactic of attacking them suddenly while ceaselessly circling vast areas and vanishing, with the result that the enemy’s brass hats who boasted of being the “God of guerrilla warfare” and “veteran generals of punitive operations” became mere vegetables.

They also emerged victorious in the battle of the Fusong county town by employing the tactic of making a sound in the east and launching an attack in the west, the battle at Hongtoushan by beguiling the enemy into a trap and Xiaodeshui by employing the telescope tactic.

Recorded in the history of the anti-Japanese war are the above-said Juche-oriented tactics as an almighty sword which enabled the KPRA to defeat the Japanese imperialists’ superiority in strength and military equipment by means of its strategic and tactical superiority.

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