The Fatherland Liberation War (June 1950-July 1953) was a severe war between the DPRK, a newly independent country founded just two years ago, and the allied imperialist forces, which was incomparable with the former in the light of forces.
In the period of this hard-fought war, the DPRK established a factory college, the first of its kind in the country where workers learn while working.
In January Juche 40 (1951), President Kim Il Sung visited a factory even in the thick of battles. Sitting together with its officials in a damp, wet room of a tunnel where water was dripping from the ceiling, he asked about the situation of the factory and discussed the orientation and method for its rehabilitation. Then, he was told that they were troubled with the lack of technical personnel in restoring, managing and running the factory.
In those days, Korea was absolutely short of native cadres due to the aftereffects of Japan’s colonial enslavement policy. Worse still, it could not train native cadres because of the war.
After thinking for a while, Kim Il Sung said as follows: Now we are short of manpower, but what is worse is the lack of cadres. The factory should train the management personnel, technicians and skilled workers by itself. It is by no means an easy job as we are now in difficult situation because of the war. But only when we start training many management personnel and technicians from now on can we produce better weapons to bring earlier the victory in the war and restore the national economy at a fast tempo after the war.
And he set forth a new, unique policy to set up a part-time institution of learning in the factory.
One February day that year, he visited the factory again and learned in detail about the preparations for establishing a factory college. Noting that the college should, to all intents and purposes, become a base for training the hard-core unit that would shoulder the machine-building industry of the country, he underscored the need not to only consider the level of knowledge in accepting students but to take on fine workers trained in a revolutionary way and awakened to their class consciousness.
And he ensured that teachers fighting on the front were recalled to be sent to the factory and thus solved one of the biggest bottlenecks in establishing the college.
Thanks to his wise leadership and meticulous care, the opening ceremony of the first factory college was held on July 15, Juche 40 (1951).
The factory managed the college regularly even under the tense situation of ensuring wartime production, and the country provided the students with all conditions for studying.
Today, many factory colleges built in different parts of the country give full play to their vitality on the road of advance towards a new victory of socialism, conveying the immortal exploits of Kim Il Sung who, with an eye to the future of the victorious country, established the factory college during the war and made devoted efforts for its development.