April 12 is International Day of Human Space Flight.
Sixty years ago, Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin, an astronaut of the former Soviet Union, was carried into outer space by a spacecraft, named Vostok. Within 108 minutes of flight, the spacecraft made a round of the Earth and performed successful re-entry into the atmosphere. Thus, space flight, a long dream of the mankind, has been realized and space science and technology entered a new stage of its development.
Following Gagarin, several astronauts of other countries succeeded in space flight. In October 2000, the first crew arrived at the space station and, until now, astronauts stay there.
In 2011, the UN General Assembly set April 12 as International Day of Human Space Flight and made a decision on celebrating the day every year on a global scale.
On the occasion of the day, colourful events are held, including photo exhibition, symposium and publication of commemorative stamps.
In Juche 87 (1998), the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea launched its first artificial earth satellite successfully and later several other satellites by relying on its own efforts, technology and resources.
It briskly conducts scientific research to receive observation data from satellites and introduce them into several sectors of the national economy.
Symposiums on space science and technology, including the space science and technology symposium-2020 in November last year, are held every year under the sponsorship of the Central Committee of the General Federation of Science and Technology of Korea, and cutting-edge systems of satellite image and data and geographic information analysis and other software are being developed.
Achievements in space science and technology are promoting the development of the national economy, and they are widely introduced in several sectors of social culture, including science, education and public health service.