April and Folk Customs

There is a saying that “wheat is planted on Chongmyong, and autumn-harvested grains are planted on Kogu.” This refers to Chongmyong and Kogu in April, two of 24 seasonal divisions of the year.

Chongmyong, which means the beginning of clear spring weather, falls on April 4 this year.

The Koreans would start spring sowing in this period.

On the occasion, they looked round the graves of their ancestors or moved them to other places.

Kogu, which means the start of raining helpful for crop growing, falls on April 20 this year.

From ancient times, it is said that, if it does not rain on the day, it augurs bad for severe drought that year.

In this period, the Koreans ploughed paddy fields and planted beans on dry fields and pumpkin, mallow, lettuce, eggplant and spring onion around their houses to prepare vegetables for midsummer.

They also started catching such fishes as sweetfish, horse mackerel, saury and croaker on the sea.

In this season, they liked to make rice hash and mung-bean jelly salad, and prepared wild green dishes with bracken, platycodon, fern, aralia shoots, Codonopsis lanceolata, anise, aster leaves, etc.

And they played such games as archery, spring enjoying, etc.

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