Myohyangsan Biosphere Reserve

The Myohyangsan Biosphere Reserve, located in the northwestern part of Korea, covers an area of over 74 000 hectares of low mountainous regions of Myohyang and Jogyuryong mountains and the upper reaches of the Chongchon River.

The Mt Myohyang area, a typical mountain ecosystem of the temperate zone, was designated as the Myohyangsan Biosphere Reserve in Juche 98 (2009).

The geology of Mt Myohyang is mainly composed of biotite granite, protogine and limestone. Several rounds of age-long complicated crustal movements and weathering produced many mysteriously-shaped peaks, stone pillars, natural rocks, cliffs and deep ravines, presenting magnificent mountainous scenery.

A large number of peaks including Chilsong and Hyangno peaks with an elevation of 1 500 m above sea level, Inho, Pulyong and other tens of hermitages, Isonnam, Kuchung (9-tiered) and other waterfalls, dense forests and conspicuous natural scenery of four seasons go well with each other to unfold a spectacular natural scenery.

As one of rainy areas in Korea, it rains in Mt Myohyang for over 130 days in a year. Its average annual precipitation is over 1 300mm, its average annual temperature 8.3℃, and its average annual atmospheric humidity 75%.

According to the height, the biosphere reserve form a diversified forest ecosystem with coniferous forests and broad-leaved forests of the subarctic zone and broad-leaved forests, coniferous mixed forests and coniferous forests of the temperate zone.

The reserve is inhabited by over 200 species of vertebrate animals, including musk deer, antelope, broad billed roller, buzzard, boa, Rana ornativentris, salamander, sweet fish and rainbow trout, and hundreds of species of insects, and is distributed with 2 048 species of plants.

There is the International Friendship Exhibition House. On display there are a large number of gifts presented to President Kim Il Sung, Chairman Kim Jong Il, General Secretary Kim Jong Un and the anti-Japanese war heroine Kim Jong Suk by heads of party, state and government from many countries and prominent figures and people from all walks of life around the world.

There are also many historical relics and remains, including Pohyon Temple with a history of over 900 years.

The work to conserve the biodiversity of the reserve is being conducted as a nationwide undertaking. And a large number of people from at home and abroad visit the area for ecotourism and mountaineering.

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