The Collaborative Partnership on Forests set “Forest restoration: a path to recovery and well-being” as the theme for this year’s International Day of Forests (March 21).
The theme is aimed at helping people have an understanding that forest restoration is a path to recover the life of the Earth and bring well-being to them and encouraging the project which exerts vital influence upon their life and living.
Forests cover one third of the Earth’s land area, and take a lion’s share in promoting the people’s life and economic activities and protecting the environment.
About 1.6 billion people, with over 2 000 indigenous cultures, depend on forests for their livelihood, including medicines, fuel, food and shelters.
Forests are the most biologically-diverse ecosystems on land, home to more than 80% of the terrestrial species of animals, plants and insects.
But today, serious worldwide deforestation has a negative effect on the ecological environment of the Earth.
According to the report published by the Worldwide Fund for Nature in January, about 430 000 square kilometres of forests of the Earth were destroyed across the world in the period from 2004 to 2017.
In September last year, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) warned that about one million square kilometres of forests of the Earth would decrease in the coming 20 years.
This will have a serious impact on the efforts to ease the worldwide climate change, improve the quality of environment and air and tide over the water crisis.
In this sense, it can be said that forests perform the function as the lungs of the Earth.
The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea set forest restoration as an important policy-oriented task and is directing great efforts to this end, as 80% of its territory is covered with mountains.
It ensured that tree-planting was conducted as an all-people drive every spring and autumn, with the result that billions of saplings have been planted in recent five years to create over one million hectares of new forests.
It put forward a slogan “Let us turn all the mountains into useful ‘gold mountains’!”, and encouraged all the people to create forests of pine-nut, chestnut, wild pear and Aronia melanocarpa so that forest restoration would render great services to improving their living standards.
The forest restoration in the DPRK will make a tangible contribution not only to the environmental protection in the region but to the worldwide efforts to ease the climate change.
Kim Jong Chol, staff of Ministry of Land and Environment Protection