Credit for the development of art and literature in the DPRK in the 20th century goes to the leadership of Chairman Kim Jong Il.
In the mid-1960s, the Chairman matured his plan to bring about a revolutionary change in the sector of art and literature while leading the work to produce several films, including the feature film The Path to Awakening.
He advanced a policy on preventing the influence of ideological trends of all hues running against the times and bringing about a revolution in the sector of art and literature so as to effect a new socialist renaissance. Under his leadership, the cinematic sector took the lead in bringing about a radical turn.
The literary works President Kim Il Sung had created during the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle, including The Sea of Blood, The Fate of a Self-Defence Corps Man and The Flower Girl, were adapted as films with high ideological and artistic quality and great influence.
The Flower Girl was awarded a special prize and a special medal in the 18th international film festival held in the former Czechoslovakia in 1972.
The revolution in the cinematic art was followed by a radical turn in the production of operas.
Kim Jong Il defined it as the main task of bringing about a revolution in the production of operas to modernize and popularize the operatic art on the basis of revolutionary contents and national forms.
He clarified the principles to be adhered to in creating operas—make songs stanzaic as they are the main means of operatic portrayal, widely introduce pangchang (off-stage song), match dances with the drama and create a three-dimensional stage working on a conveyer system—and led the efforts to embody them in creation.
He listened to about ten thousand pieces of music before choosing over 160 pieces for the revolutionary operas The Sea of Blood, The Flower Girl, Tell O Forest and The Story of a Nurse.
Five revolutionary operas were produced in a matter of one year. And the dramatic sector created works reflecting the demands of the times and the people’s aspiration.
A large number of masterpieces were created in all sectors of art and literature, including music, dance, fine arts and acrobatics.
In the 1990s, the multi-part feature film The Nation and Destiny was created as a masterpiece of the times, with its achievements generalized in all sectors of art and literature.
In those days, the Chairman published such classic works as On the Art of the Cinema, On the Art of Opera, On the Art of the Drama, On Juche Literature, On the Art of Dance, On the Art of Music, On Fine Art and On the Art of Acrobatics. His works, which made clear the Juche-oriented ideas and theories on the art and literature and crystallized their achievements and experience, serve as an encyclopedia of the art and literature.