In the early 20th century, the Japanese imperialists militarily occupied Korea and resorted to every possible means and methods in order to consolidate their colonial domination.
A typical example was their move to change the names of administrative districts in Japanese style.
In September 1910, they proclaimed that all names of the Korean administrative districts would be given only by “the governor-general of Korea”, and made surveys of them in detail.
They officially approved only the local names of Chinese origin and changed lots of pure Korean names in Japanese style or eliminated them.
After fabricating the “rules for revision of names of administrative districts in Korea” in December 1913, their attempt became more vicious.
In an issue on revising the names of dong and ri in February 1914, they insisted on amending “complicated local names”. The “complicated local names” meant pure Korean names, reflecting the long history and culture of relevant localities.
While eliminating native Korean local names, they forced the Koreans to use Japanese local names and read all local names in Japanese style.
The districts of Japanese residents in Korea were forced to be called in Japanese. And they chose Japanese words in praise of Japan and its king for designating the local names of Korea.
They also forced the Koreans to call Pyongyang, Wonsan, Chongjin and other cities and such scenic spots as Sea Kumgang and Lagoon Samil in Japanese style.
Such attempt of the Japanese imperialists was aimed at reducing Korea into its eternal “dependency”. It was the most vicious crime unprecedented in human history.