The “Ulsa Five-Point Treaty” was an illegal document fabricated by the Japanese imperialists in a bid to hold their colonial domination over Korea.
In November 1905, the Japanese imperialists committed their aggressor troops to besiege the Royal Palace of the feudal Joson dynasty in Hansong and forced Korean Emperor Kojong to conclude the “treaty”. As Kojong and many ministers refused to do it, they stole the seal of the Foreign Minister of the feudal Joson dynasty and stamped it on “the treaty” before unilaterally declaring its conclusion.
The “Ulsa Five-point Treaty” was an illegal document as it had neither the Korean Emperor’s signature nor the seal of the feudal Joson dynasty.
The then Emperor Kojong, in his messages to several state leaders including Czarist Russia, USA and Germany, said that he never approved the “treaty” nor stamped the Royal Seal on it.
He dispatched three emissaries to the Second International Peace Conference held at The Hague, the Netherlands, in June 1907 to disclose the illegality and invalidity of the “treaty”.
The UN International Law Commission made clear that in the thousands-year-long history of treaty there were four treaties that had been invalid from the time of their conclusion, one of them being the “Ulsa Five-Point Treaty” in 1905.
The Japanese imperialists invoked the “Ulsa Five-point Treaty” as a “legal basis” in violating the sovereignty of the Korean nation.
During their military occupation of Korea (1905-1945), they killed more than 1 million Koreans and forcibly drafted 8.4 million to do slave labour and drive them as bullet-shields at battlefields.
More than 200 000 Korean women were forced to serve as sexual slaves for the Japanese troops.
The Japanese imperialists plundered Korea of its innumerous cultural assets and natural resources.
The human, material and spiritual losses they inflicted upon the Korean nation are so tremendous that they would never be able to indemnify them.
But Japan has not yet admitted, apologized and compensated for its past crimes. On the contrary, it is hell-bent on the revival of militarism, dreaming the pipedream of the “Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere”.
The Defence Ministry of Japan has recently decided to request the record-breaking military spending for next year’s budget.
The more Japan resorts to its wild ambition for militarization while doggedly denying its crime-woven past, the sooner it will face the crisis of self-destruction.