DPRK’s Healthcare System

The healthcare system of the DPRK is a completely universal free medical care system in which the State takes a responsible care of the people’s life and health.

The Cabinet of the DPRK adopted a decision on enforcing a free medical care service during the fierce Fatherland Liberation War on November 13, Juche 41 (1952). A universal free medical care system came into effect from January 1 in the following year.

The DPRK’s free medical care system has a long history.

During the anti-Japanese armed struggle, the guerrilla bases in the form of liberated areas gave free medical service to the people from the first half of the 1930s.

In spite of difficult economic situation after Korea’s liberation (August 1945), the State enforced the free medical care system from Juche 36 (1947) in accordance with the Social Insurance Law for factory and office workers and their dependents who were in need of medical assistance. It set up medical colleges and nurses’ schools to train large numbers of health workers and hospitals and clinics in different parts of the country.

The socialist healthcare system was further consolidated and developed along with the dynamic promotion of the postwar socialist construction. Clinics in ri villages were turned into hospitals and the people’s hospitals in cities and counties developed into modern general hospitals by the end of Juche 63 (1974).

The Public Health Law (April 1980) and other laws were adopted on the basis of the Socialist Constitution, with the result that a firm legal guarantee was provided for protecting the people’s health under the system of free medical care and preventive medicine, developing medical science and technology and fully providing materials to the healthcare sector.

Preventive medicine is the main part of the healthcare system in the DPRK.

A well-knit hygienic and anti-epidemic system has been established from the centre to local areas.

Not only healthcare organs but institutions, industrial establishments and other bodies give wide publicity to improve living environment and working conditions in a hygienic and cultural way so as to prevent diseases. Vaccination and medical checkup of working people as well as early detection and registration of various diseases and their systematic observation and medical treatment are conducted on a regular basis.

The DPRK enforces the district doctor system in which medical workers always go out to the districts under their charge for the routine checkup of residents’ health so as to take measures for prevention and treatment of diseases and give publicity to hygienic knowledge.

Thanks to the universal free medical care system, the Korean people have no worries about medical service.

Kim Chung Song

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