The nature reserves in the DPRK involve biosphere sanctuaries, animal and plant reserves and scenic spot reserves.
The areas of celebrated Mts Paektu, Kuwol, Myohyang, Chilbo and Kumgang have been inscribed as the world biosphere reserves.
A large number of animals and plants are distributed in the Ogasan, Rangnimsan, Kyongsong and Kwanmobong nature reserves.
The Ogasan Nature Reserve, which was named after the five beautiful peaks in the primeval forests, covers an area of 6 500 hectares.
A thousand-odd-year-old yew tree and hundreds-of-years-old linden, pine-nut and fir trees are growing in the Ogasan virgin forest, which draws the worldwide attention.
The Mundok Migratory Bird Reserve, the wetland on the west coast of Korea, serves as an ideal place for birds’ feeding, breeding and habitation.
Over 280 species of birds, including spoonbills, hooded cranes and Chinese Egrets are living in the reserve covering an area of over 3 700 hectares.
76 000 waterbirds of 22 species have been observed up to now in the reserve.
Over 50 000 swan geese, known as a vulnerable species in the world, were observed in October 2018.
The environmental protection bodies and other relevant units take measures to preserve and improve the ecological environment of the nature reserves by regularly observing the changes of natural environments such as the change in topography, water quality and weather.
They increase the area of nature reserves step by step and regularly survey the species of animals and plants there and their living conditions to actively protect and propagate the endangered and rare fauna and flora.
Most recently, new wildlife reserves were established in several areas, including Paegam and Phungso counties in Ryanggang Province, Kyonghung County in North Hamgyong Province and Poptong County in Kangwon Province.
Over 100 species of animals and birds, including Korean tiger, bear, sable and musk deer were observed in those areas.
A breeding place of Russet Sparrow, known as a rare species, was discovered for the first time in the Kumgangsan Biosphere Reserve in May.
The work to increase nature reserves is now in full swing across the country.
An Sung Jin