To improve the inter-Korean relations for the nation’s peace and reunification is a consistent policy of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Over the past years the DPRK has made sincere efforts to win durable peace and independent reunification of the Korean peninsula. The several rounds of north-south ministerial-level talks and other channels of talks and contacts helped find ways of reconciliation and unity and pave the way of cooperation and exchange and take some measures for détente. Humanitarian and compatriotic steps were made to alleviate the pains of the separated families and relatives in the north and the south, and this led to the repatriation of 63 of the former unconverted long-term prisoners from the south to the north. With the big stride made in the endeavour to implement the June 15 North-South Joint Declaration, the two sides of the Korean peninsula that had been in confrontation, strife and distrust met the era of reconciliation and cooperation, a rosy prospect seeming to be opened for national reunification.
The propitious relations were then ruthlessly trampled by the south Korean anti-reunification forces. The south Korean regimes have successively served as the shock force for the stifling of the DPRK in collusion with the outside forces.
A typical example is their moves to foil the historic North-South April Joint Conference which was called to prevent permanent division of the country and attain complete national independence following the country’s liberation (August 15, 1945) from the Japanese military occupation. Having occupied the southern half of Korea, the US was seeking to make up a separate government in the south using its subservient forces—in order to cut the country into two. Syngman Rhee, traitor to the nation, cooked a regime through a black election against the desire of the nation for one Korea, and pursued inter-Korean confrontation. Later when the north put forward epoch-making proposals to remove the ever-increasing danger of war in the peninsula and achieve national reunification in a peaceful way, the Syngman Rhee regime answered the proposals with the setting off of the Korean war (June 1950-July 1953) at the instigation of their American master.
In the 1970s when the whole country was burning with the fervour for reunification following the publication of the July 4 Joint Statement, the Park Chung Hee regime announced the “Two Koreas” policy as their strategic target before the ink was dry on the statement, and resorted to whatever they could to implement the policy. By carrying out large-scale arms buildup and north-targeted war exercises in and around south Korea along with the American troops they threw a wet blanket over the passion of the nation for one Korea and messed up the atmosphere of national reconciliation and peaceful reunification.
In the 1980s north-south Red Cross talks were held and the north sent relief materials to the south Korean flood victims out of sincerity. The reconciliatory environment was furthered by the exchange of artistic troupes and home-visiting groups. At this juncture the south Korean junta barred the favourable trend by conducting moves of provocation of north-targeted war, hand in glove with foreign forces that were wielding the nuclear club over the Korean nation.
In June 2000 there took place a meeting of north-south summits in Pyongyang for the first time since the national division, with the follow-up adoption of the historic June 15 North-South Joint Declaration. The entire Korean nation and the rest of the world sympathized with the event calling it an epoch-making event, but the south Korean anti-reunification forces went against the grain along with the US. The White House, announcing that they were “preparing a new typesetting after the decision of a force-based DPRK policy,” pressed the south Korean authorities to examine their north policy in an all-round way and turn out cooperative with them in their pursuance of a DPRK-isolating and -stifling strategy. Taking advantage of the American instruction, the pro-US camp in south Korea put pressure on the authorities and left no stone unturned to hamper dialogue and cooperation with the north side. Since the pro-American force took power in south Korea the inter-Korean relations have been in difficulty all along.
Recently north-south dialogue took place for good relationship thanks to the DPRK’s proactive measures, heating the enthusiasm of the Koreans for the country’s peace and reunification. But with the passage of time the pro-American elements are revealing their malignancy. The present situation shows that it is impossible to achieve peace and security in the Korean peninsula, to say nothing of inter-Korean dialogue and cooperation, without removal of the American lackeys.